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Mexico Continues to Lead World Avocado Production

Mexico’s 2024 avocado production is forecast at 2.77 million metric tons (MMT), a five percent increase over 2023 on strong export demand. Production in 2023 reached 2.65 MMT, up four percent compared to the previous year. Exports totaled 1.4 MMT in 2023, a 17 percent increase year on year. The United States is the number one market for Mexico’s avocado exports, with an 81 percent share, followed by Canada, Japan, and Spain.

Executive Summary

Mexico’s avocado sector has grown steadily during the past five years due to strong demand from international markets and growing domestic consumption. Production grew nearly 75 percent between 2014 and 2023, reaching 2.65 MMT and making Mexico the number one avocado producer globally. Mexico’s avocado exports totaled 1.4 MMT in 2023, up 17 percent compared to 2022 exports of 1.2 MMT. Exports are projected to continue growing in 2024. Although export volumes increased in 2023, the value of exports decreased 12 percent due to appreciation of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar. Additionally, local producers report lower prices in 2023 due to smaller average fruit size that they attribute to climatic conditions, including above average temperatures and drought conditions see predominantly in northern Michoacán.

The United States is Mexico’s top avocado export market, with an 81 percent share valued at USD 2.7 billion in 2023. Other major export destinations include Canada, Japan, and Spain. Outside of exports to the United States, Peru is the number one competitor for Mexico in the international market, supplying the European market with 0.63 MMT of avocados in 2022.

Production

Mexico leads the world in avocado production, according to Government of Mexico (GOM) data on 2023 avocado production. Driven primarily by export demand, Mexico’s avocado production is forecast to increase five percent year on year in 2024 to 2.77 MMT. Data from Mexico’s Agri-Food and Fisheries Information System (SIAP) indicate production reached 2.65 MMT in 2023, up four percent compared to the previous year. Production has grown steadily during the past ten years, mostly due to increasing demand from the United States and other export markets, as well as rising domestic consumption. Continued near-term production growth is supported by favorable growing conditions – with a warm, subhumid climate and well-draining soil – and a production shift away from traditional crops to the higher value avocados. The past five years have seen a significant increase in avocado production, especially in the Valley Region of Jalisco, as producers diversify their crop mix to include avocados, or completely eliminate corn, wheat, and pasture area in favor of avocado orchards.

SIAP data put avocado planted area (i.e. area with mature, productive trees) at an estimated 257,571 hectares (ha) in 2023, up two percent from 2022 planted area of 252,133 ha. Planted area grew 46 percent between 2014 and 2023.

While avocados are grown throughout the country, three states account for 90 percent of Mexico’s avocado production – Michoacan with 73 percent of production, Jalisco with 12 percent, and the State of Mexico with 5 percent. Historically, Michoacan has been the leading avocado producing state, and until 2022 it was the only state eligible to export avocados to the United States. With the addition of Jalisco in July of 2022, there are now two states eligible for export of avocados to the United States. Per the Association of Avocado Exporting Producers and Packers of Mexico (APEAM), as of February of 2024, there are 58 avocado packing facilities in Michoacan approved for export to the United States, and 11 such facilities in Jalisco. Read the full report from the USDA Foreign Ag Service HERE.

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