Sweet Present, Rich Past

A honey bee helps pollinate Carolyn Read’s boysenberry bushes. Photo by Jonathan Snapp-Cook/USFWS.

By Joanna Gilkeson – It would be easy to call Carolyn Read a preservationist and leave it at that. How many people would settle in a ranch house built 130 years ago and raise a family there?

Or call her a conservationist. Read has made sure that native plants that were in danger of getting choked out by other invasives are again thriving in the arid reaches of her San Diego-area ranch.

Make sure you give Read credit for her business sense, too. She started a horse-themed magazine more than 30 years ago that remains an award-winning publication on the West Coast.  She’s also raising and selling boysenberries.

Read is a rancher, an active community member, an equestrian advocate, a conservationist, a historian, an entrepreneur, a grower, a mother and a grandmother — all of which stem from her opportunity to build a life on the land.

A honey bee gathers nectar from black sage (Salvia mellifera), a coastal sage scrub plant, on Carolyn Read’s property. Photo by Jonathan Snapp-Cook/USFWS.

She’s worked with others to ensure that a ranch started in the 1800s remains viable, even as development nears its borders. Among her collaborators: the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), which advised her as Read restored a hillside with coastal sage scrub. From that collaboration came a friendship with a Service biologist. That connection has roots as hearty as the sage scrub growing on the hills.

Read, 86, is just happy to remain on the land that she has tended so carefully for more than five decades.

“I am grateful for the opportunity to acquire and raise my family in this home,” she said recently, “and for the living heritage the area has given us.”

Read walking along her boysenberry bushes before demonstrating the irrigation system. Photo by Joanna Gilkeson/USFWS.

A Blessing

In 1874, an Arkansan by the name of Reynold Bascomb Borden traveled cross-county in a covered wagon. It came to a halt in a valley blanketed by coastal sage scrub and sunshine. In 1882, he would construct one of the first homesteads in this remote valley, now present-day San Marcos, in San Diego County.

The family kept the clapboard house until 1929. It went through more owners until 1963, when it was put up for sale. Three parties expressed interest in it. One was a young woman who needed space for a growing family.

“At the time, I was a single mom with four children,” Read said. “…For some reason the family who owned the property at the time chose me.”

It was a blessing. “I was able to establish roots, a chance to make a home.”

A Belding’s Orange Throated Whiptail on Carolyn’s property. Photo by Jonathan Snapp-Cook/USFWS.

Today, the property also is home to California quail, hummingbirds, pollinators, lizards, rattlesnakes and birds of prey.

She pointed to a hawk’s nest in the top of a eucalyptus tree.

“That’s the 12th generation of this pair of hawks,” Read said. “They just had their babies. The small sparrows torment them.”

‘Strong Connection’

In 2012, Read decided she needed help to restore wildlife habitat on her land. She worried that the native flora was getting overwhelmed by invasive plants.

Jonathan Snapp-Cook, Partners Biologist, translocates California sagebrush (Artemisia californica) to the restoration site. Photo by Carmen Wilson.

Jonathan Snapp-Cook, a Service biologist, visited her ranch. He knew right away that they shared an appreciation of land stewardship.

“It was obvious she had a strong connection to the historical and cultural aspects of her property and wanted to conserve wildlife,” said Snapp-Cook. “I knew it was going to be the beginning of a good partnership.”

Snapp-Cook and Read embarked on a restoration project to benefit native wildlife. A portion of the hillside behind Read’s house was chock-full of invasive plants while native coastal sage scrub voluntarily grew on the property’s dirt roads.

The idea: transplant the coastal native sage scrub in the roadway to the tract where invasives grew. It was best, they decided, to use the plants they already had to make the restoration take root.

As Read described it: “If the plants are able to make it on their own, then that’s who survives. They are the survivors.”

So far, the native plants are winning. Snapp-Cook and Read have completed three small, flourishing sections of restoration — but they didn’t do it alone. Read’s hired farm hands, family and grandchildren helped restore the hillside, one plant at time.

The restoration project has been a lesson for Read and her family; they see the sage scrub as a valuable member of the ranch ecosystem.

“Jonathan has been quite an inspiration to me, to walk across the property with a biologist, and the native plants he finds, he points out all these things happening at my feet,” she said. “It’s become a very enlightening friendship.”

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Partners Biologist Jonathan Snapp-Cook overlooking the invasive species on Carolyn Read’s property. Photo by Celeste Medina-Ontiveros/USFWS.

Horses & Berries

The view from Read’s front porch has changed since she moved in. Over the years she has watched development slowly creep toward her ranch. The 14-acre property is flanked by rows of white-and-beige houses on one side. An open space soon to be developed shares a property line on another. A hillside of coastal sage shrub touches a third.

Even as San Marcos extends its borders toward her, Read remains determined to protect the land and the creatures that live there.

Carolyn Read walks a horse out to pasture. Behind her is a remnant of her previous career as founder of Horsetrader magazine. Photo by Joanna Gilkeson/USFWS.

Every inch of the 14-acre ranch continues to be productive, which includes seven acres of preserved habitat. Read has four horses on site, with pastures to match. Three years ago, she turned her attention to a local delicacy.

Read began growing boysenberries – a move driven in equal parts by an appreciation of history as well as the bottom line.

The boysenberry enjoys historic importance in Southern California. In 1932, Knott’s Berry Farm in Buena Park, California, created a new kind of produce – a cross between red raspberries, blackberries and loganberries. The Knott family dubbed it the boysenberry.

The new berry was a tough thing to cultivate, its bushes riddled with thorns, but the payoff was good, too. Consumers loved the boysenberry. So does Read.

Carolyn Read’s boysenberries straight out of the crisper and ready to sell. Read became organically certified in April 2018. Photo courtesy of Carolyn Read.

“I started selling my berries to the neighbors, and I’ve gotten so much good feedback from the community,” she said. “I’ve connected with my neighbors because of the berries and they’re wonderful people.”

The berries also have made their way into local high-end restaurants through a contract with a San Diego produce distributor. “I don’t even know how it all happened,” Read said, “but I’m grateful.”

Growing and sharing California’s homegrown classic fruit is the way Read has chosen to share the living heritage of the homestead with the greater community.

For Read, the boysenberry provides a tangible, tasty link to the area’s rich history.

“Without the places that keep our stories alive…we lose some of the most profound parts of our local history,” she said.

She feels that way about her ranch, too. “It is part of who I am,” she said. “I would like to see some of that lifestyle preserved for future generations.”

California quail make themselves at home on the Pepper Hill Borden Homestead.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service supported this Nature’s Good
Neighbor through our Partners for Fish and Wildlife program. Our Partners program would like to acknowledge the USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service for introducing them to this local landowner. The Partners program is a voluntary initiative that works with private landowners to improve fish and wildlife habitat on their land. A phone call or email is all it takes to learn more with one of our 250 private lands biologists. If you are interested in improving habitat for fish and wildlife on your land,
find your local Partners for Fish and Wildlife biologist.

Joanna Gilkeson is a public affairs specialist out of the Pacific Southwest Region in Carlsbad, California.

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